Fingernails or toenails are caused by certain pathogenic fungi. This pathology can, in certain circumstances, be transmitted from a sick person to a healthy one, is difficult to treat and tends to progress. In drug therapy, preparations of a group of fungicides (antifungal agents) are used. Folk remedies have been widely used, which have sufficient efficacy when used properly.
Causes and mechanisms of development of fungal infections
The causative agents of infection are specific pathogenic fungi, groups of trichophytes, epidermophytes and microspores. In the process of parasitization on human skin and nails, this fungus secretes spores, which, through micro -cracks into the nails of healthy people, germinate in them and give rise to pathological processes. Spores form filamentous micelles, which form the basis of the fungus. This structure has a strong cell wall that is not affected by the immune system. Therefore, the body cannot get rid of the infection on its own; treatment is necessary to destroy fungal micelles and spores.
Factors that contribute to fungal infections
Infection with fungal spores does not always occur, but in certain circumstances:
- Going to a public swimming pool, bath or sauna without personal footwear increases the risk of infection.
- Use other people’s shoes, which may contain fungal spores.
- Microtrauma on the nails (wearing tight shoes, gloves), in which the penetration of spores is facilitated.
- Closed shoes, where high humidity develops, which softens the nail plate and creates favorable conditions for the penetration of fungal spores.
- Not following the rules of personal hygiene to keep the skin of the hands and feet clean.
Often, fungal infections develop on toenails. However, due to the wider stratum corneum within it, the treatment is more complex and lengthy.
Benefits of using folk methods for the treatment of fungus
Traditional medicine has various types of antifungal (antifungal) agents. Its use has several advantages over the use of chemically synthesized drugs:
- Efficiency - with proper preparation and local application, folk remedies for fungus have a clear antifungal effect.
- All traditional medicines are applied topically in the form of ointments, lotions or swabs, therefore they have no systemic effects on the body.
- Safety of use - most folk remedies are of natural origin, therefore, they do not adversely affect the body during the treatment process.
- Availability-unlike medicines, folk remedies are inexpensive, most can be found in pharmacies or provided independently.
- Possible use of it by pregnant or lactating women and children.
- There are almost no allergic reactions or individual intolerances.
In general, the treatment of fungal infections is lengthy, so you need to be patient and disciplined to perform the procedure every day.
Preparation of nails for treatment with folk remedies
The basis for the effectiveness of the use of traditional medicine is the intake of sufficient active ingredients into the nails to give the effect of fungicides. Therefore, proper preparation to use the product is very important, which includes:
- keep nails clean;
- maximum removal of the affected nail plate with the help of individual nail clippers and nail files, which after the procedure are placed in a 70% alcohol solution for disinfection;
- use a nail bath with a solution of warm soapy soda for half an hour to soften the stratum corneum and thus increase the penetration of the active ingredient;
- rub the surface of the nail with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol to degrease.
Traditional medicine recipes for the treatment of nail fungus
There are a large number of effective methods for the destruction of fungi using simple homemade recipes:
- Treatment of affected nails with a solution of 5% iodine, which is a strong antiseptic, is carried out within a month by means of double lubrication.
- Compressed Kombucha is a very effective remedy, it is used at night, Kombucha must be cut according to the shape of the nail, applied to it, wrapped and tied with cellophane. During the first procedure, pain may appear, which then disappears. The course of such treatment is at least 3 months.
- Nail treatment with juice from celandine, squeezed from the leaves and stems of the plant, is done several times a day, while trying to prevent the juice from getting healthy skin.
- Compressed tar soap, which is a natural antiseptic - crushed and moistened with water soap in the form of gruel is applied to the nails and tied with a cellophane oil cloth, the procedure is best done before bedtime.
- Wetting the nails with an alcoholic solution of 20% propolis (sold ready -made in pharmacies or self -prepared infusion with alcohol insistence in a ratio of 1: 5) is done 1 time a day, after a week the affected nails will disappear completely.
- Compressed rowan leaves (grind fresh leaves in the form of porridge) are used at night, in the morning the nails are treated with 5%iodine solution.
- Treatment of affected nails with juice from the medicinal plant golden mustache is carried out several times a day for 3-4 weeks.
Treatment of nail fungus with folk remedies is effective against most types of pathogenic fungi. If such therapy is not effective, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist who will prescribe a laboratory examination to determine the type of fungus and prescribe appropriate treatment.